BRAIN Initiative: Research Opportunities Using Invasive Neural Recording and Stimulating Technologies in the Human Brain (U01 Clinical Trial Required)

Funding Agency:
National Institutes of Health

Invasive surgical procedures provide the unique ability to record and stimulate neurons within precisely localized brain structures in humans.  Human studies using invasive technology are often constrained by a limited number of patients and resources available to implement complex experimental protocols and are rarely aggregated in a manner that addresses research questions with appropriate statistical power.  Therefore, this RFA seeks applications to assemble diverse, integrated, multi-disciplinary teams that cross boundaries of interdisciplinary collaboration to overcome these fundamental barriers and to investigate high-impact questions in human neuroscience.  Projects should maximize opportunities to conduct innovative in vivo neuroscience research made available by direct access to brain recording and stimulating from invasive surgical procedures. Projects should employ approaches guided by specified theoretical constructs and quantitative, mechanistic models where appropriate.

Awardees will join a consortium work group, coordinated by the NIH, to identify consensus standards of practice, including neuroethical considerations, to collect and provide data for ancillary studies, and to aggregate and standardize data for dissemination among the wider scientific community.


  • Letter of Intent Due Date(s): October 14, 2018; September 18, 2019; May 19, 2020; September 19, 2020
  • Application Due Date(s): November 14, 2018; October 18, 2019; June 19, 2020; October 19, 2020

​RFA-NS-19-001 Expiration Date October 20, 2020




Engineering and Physical Sciences
Medical - Basic Science
Medical - Clinical Science
Medical - Translational

External Deadline

June 19, 2020