Combating Wildlife Trafficking - U.S. Demand Reduction

Funding Agency:
US Fish and Wildlife Service

Based on data collected about illegal wildlife and wildlife products confiscated by U.S. officials at designated entry points to the U.S., there is evidence of a significant volume of wildlife trafficking into the United States for sale and personal possession. Seized products include wildsourced meat, clothing, décor, medicinal items, souvenirs, pets, plants, and furniture. Anecdotal reports and investigations also indicate that wildlife products are sold online and within local stores throughout the country, but centralized and published data about these markets are not frequently available. 

Recognizing the urgent need for a coordinated response to this growing global crisis, the United States issued the National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking. Released in 2014, this strategy sets forth a robust, whole-of-government approach that focuses on three key objectives to stop wildlife trafficking – strengthening enforcement, reducing demand for illegally traded wildlife, and expanding international cooperation. The National Strategy was further reinforced by the Eliminate, Neutralize, and Disrupt (END) Wildlife Trafficking Act, passed in 2016 with bipartisan support, and by Executive Order 13773, signed by President Trump on February 9, 2017, calling for a comprehensive and decisive approach to dismantle organized crime syndicates, including those associated with wildlife trafficking. 

This NOFO aligns with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service mission and the Secretary of the Interior’s priorities, including: (1) Creating a conservation stewardship legacy second only to Teddy Roosevelt; (2) Restoring trust with local communities; and (3) Achieving our goals and leading our team forward.

: To complement and facilitate existing efforts to combat wildlife trafficking, USFWS has issued this Notice of Funding Opportunity to provide financial assistance to data-driven, small-scale projects that seek to reduce demand for illegal wildlife and wildlife products in the U.S. Wildlife trafficking is defined in the National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking as “the poaching or other taking of protected or managed species and the illegal trade in wildlife and their related parts and products.” For the purposes of this funding opportunity, the term “wildlife” includes terrestrial and aquatic animal species and plant species subject to illegal trade.

Deadline: May 25, 2018

Agency Website

Eligibility Requirements

Eligible Applicants: Applicants under this program can be: individuals, multi-national secretariats, foreign governments, U.S. state and local governments, U.S. and foreign non-profits, nongovernmental organizations, community and indigenous organizations, U.S. and foreign public and private institutions of higher education, and U.S. and foreign for-profit organizations.



Amount Description

Funding Mechanism: Funding will support multiple, one-year to two-year grants, with one-year proposals receiving up to $100,000. Two-year proposals demonstrating strong justification for multiyear support will be considered for funding of up to $200,000 for the entire project period.

Funding Type





Environmental & Life Sciences
International Opportunities
Social Sciences

External Deadline

May 25, 2018