Earth System Science for Building Coastal Resilience (ROSES 2022)

Funding Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Climate change  impacts  all  aspects  of  the Earth  and human  systems  ( U30T 30TU IPCC AR6 )  and the highly-populated coastal  communities  are among  those  experiencing  its  most disruptive consequences.  Extreme  weather  events  on land, loss  of  wetlands,  rising oceans  and  other  direct  human-induced changes  threaten  coastal  communities, ecosystems,  national  and  global  economies,  including  America’s  trillion-dollar  coastal property  market  and  public  infrastructure.  For  example,  higher  seas  increase the risk  of coastal  flooding  to communities  and  will  potentially  expose  more than 300  million  people to  flooding  risk  by  2050  across  the globe.  Once in contact  with land,  rising  and changing ocean  exacerbates  land loss  through coastal  erosion  and  land  subsidence;  saltwater can infiltrate and interact  with groundwater  aquifers  as  well  as  mix  with  surface water resulting  in the loss  of  freshwater  supplies.  Furthermore,  land changes  from  human activities  such as  groundwater/hydrocarbon  extraction/injection,  levee construction, river/sediment  management,  and urban  development  can  have compounding  effects with the  naturally-occurring  land processes  such as  tectonics,  sediment  compaction, erosion,  carbonate dissolution/sink  holes,  with each process  modifying  the land surface elevation and coastal  geomorphology  and thus  further  impacting  the  land-ocean interface.  Combined,  these complex  and  interconnected ocean-land  processes  impact coastal  biogeochemistry  and ecology,  affect  ecosystem  structure and  function,  and threaten biodiversity.   

Recognizing  the importance  and  urgency  of  coastal  challenges,  multiple  inter-agency, national,  and  international  initiatives  are addressing  the  need to increase  the  resilience of  the  nation’s  coastal  communities.  These  include  efforts  by  the  National  Science  and Technology  Council  (NSTC)  and the  Subcommittee on Ocean  Science and  Technology (SOST)  recent  Coastal  Resilience 30T 30T 30T Force 30T workshop ,  the White House  National  Climate Task , the  Subcommittee on Disaster  Reduction (SDR),  the  U.S.  Global  Change Research Program,  particularly  its  coastal  efforts  ( 30T 30T 30T COAST USGCRP ),  the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites  (CEOS)  Coastal  Observations  Applications  Services  and Tools ( 30T contributing  the 30T 30T ),  the  Global  Ocean  Observing  System  ( GOOS ),  as  well  as  programs 30T UN Decade of  the Ocean  for  Sustainable Development Framework  for  Disaster  Risk  Reduction  2015-2030 30T 30T 30T and the Sendai .   

Satellite-based  Earth  observations  are critical  to  understanding  and predicting  coastal environments  that  undergo natural  and human-induced changes.  Understanding  both direct  and indirect  human-induced changes  is  equally  important  in  informing  studies  of coastal  resilience.  The  research  solicited through this  program  will  further  support priorities  of  the relevant  aforementioned  initiatives,  and will  provide the  foundational information  and evidence-based knowledge  that  will  help inform  solutions  to  increase resilience of  coastal  communities.   

The  goal  of  this  solicitation is  to advance our  understanding  of  key  physical,  biological, biogeochemical,  geological,  and  hydrological  coastal  processes  and their  interactions within  the  interface of  the  ocean-land-human  system,  and to enhance  our  understanding of  how  these  processes  will  be compounded  in  rapidly  changing  coastal  environments. To  be eligible,  proposals  to  this  element  must  substantively  utilize  space-based and/or airborne remote sensing  data  in  all studies.  Proposals  must  include  an interdisciplinary team  of  a  minimum  two  and preferably  more  Co-Investigators  from  different  science disciplines,  such as  coastal  geology  and geodesy,  hydrology,  ocean  physics,  biology and biogeochemistry,  with the ultimate  goal  of  advancing  the science objectives  to be considered in  this  solicitation.  Proposers  must  also  provide a  rationale for  their proposed efforts,  and  explain the importance  of  such choices  within the  coastal resilience  context. 

Deadlines: 

  • Notice of Intent: April 7, 2022
  • Proposal: May 17, 2022

Eligibility

Faculty

Category

Engineering and Physical Sciences
Environmental & Life Sciences

External Deadline

May 17, 2022