Sponsor Deadline
Posted: 4/18/2022

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Office (HFTO) FY 2021 Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA)

The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is issuing, on behalf of the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Office (HFTO), Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) DE-FOA-0002446. The activities supported by this FOA are authorized under the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) Public Law 109-58 (Aug. 5, 2005), Title VIII - HYDROGEN, Sections 801 to 816. These provisions are found in the United States Code at 42 U.S.C. §§ 16151 to 16165. Title VIII authorizes the Secretary of Energy to conduct a program of research, development and demonstration on technologies relating to the production, purification, distribution, storage, and use of hydrogen energy, fuel cells, and related infrastructure.

Hydrogen and fuel cells represent a growing industry with potential to enable energy resiliency, energy security, emission reductions and economic growth. In recent years, the industry has delivered thousands of fuel cells across the U.S. for use in limited stationary and transportation applications; today, an expansion to heavy-duty applications is taking shape, with potential new hydrogen-use markets including trucks, marine vessels, rail, data centers, and the expanded industrial use of hydrogen in chemicals synthesis, metals refining, energy storage and grid integration.

This FOA supports research and development (R&D) to enable “H2@Scale”  a DOE initiative to achieve large scale production, storage, transport, and utilization of hydrogen across multiple sectors.1 Supporting EERE’s core priorities of energy affordability, integration and storage, H2@Scale research, development and demonstration (RD&D) aims to advance the adoption of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies in integrated energy systems across key applications that provide a value proposition as well as reduce emissions. However, a number of challenges remain including cost, performance, durability, manufacturing and scale-up issues, and developing integrated systems that demonstrate the unique technical, economic and environmental benefits of hydrogen and fuel cells.


  • Required Concept Paper: Jan. 15, 2021
  • Full Application: Mar. 8, 2021
Areas of Interest

This year, HFTO launched two major collaborative research initiatives leveraging world-class expertise and state-of-the-art equipment at the national laboratories: the Million Mile Fuel Cell Truck (M2FCT) consortium and the H2NEW consortium. 2 Under each consortium, DOE national laboratories are working together in cutting-edge R&D and collaborating with the hydrogen and fuel cell communities to identify innovative ways to make hydrogen and fuel cell technologies more affordable and competitive in today’s market. Each consortium is planned at $50 million over five years, along with a similar level for industry and university FOAs, to advance progress in specific hydrogen production and fuel cell RD&D areas:

  • M2FCT includes Los Alamos and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories as co-leads, and focuses on fuel cell durability, performance, and cost to better position fuel cell trucks as a viable option in the long-haul trucking market.
  • H2NEW includes National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Idaho National Laboratory as co-leads, and focuses on R&D to enable affordable, durable and efficient large-scale electrolyzers, which produce hydrogen from electricity and water (at both high and low temperatures).

This HFTO FY21 RD&D FOA will provide more than $33,500,000 in Federal funding for topics designed to supplement the current HFTO RD&D portfolio in the advancement of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, with an emphasis on incentivizing collaborative progress among industry, university and national laboratory stakeholders, including coordination with the M2FCT and H2NEW Consortia. This FOA includes the following four areas of R&D:

  • 1) Fuel Cell R&D for Heavy-Duty Applications
  • 2) Efficient and Innovative Hydrogen Production
  • 3) High-flow Fueling Applications
  • 4) Cost Analysis for Fuel Cells, Hydrogen Production, and Hydrogen Storage
Eligibility Requirements

An entity may submit more than one Concept Paper and Full Application to this FOA, provided that each application describes a unique, scientifically distinct project and provided that an eligible Concept Paper was submitted for each Full Application.

Amount Description

EERE expects to make a total of approximately $33,500,000 of federal funding available for new awards under this FOA; $28,500,000 from HFTO, $5,000,000 from AMO, all subject to the availability of appropriated funds. EERE anticipates making approximately 16 to 24 awards under this FOA. EERE may issue one, multiple, or no awards. Individual awards may vary between $1,000,000 and $5,000,000.

Funding Type