Making Earth System Data Records for Use in Research Environments (ROSES 2022)

Funding Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration

As  articulated  in  NASA’s  science plan U31T 31TU (Science  2020-2024) ,  NASA Earth  Science explores  our  rapidly  changing  world,  where natural  and  human  factors  interact,  following an interdisciplinary,  Earth systems  approach that  examines  the  interplay  among  the atmospheric,  ocean,  land,  and  ice systems.  Using  the recommendations  of  the 2017 NASA  Earth Science Decadal  Survey,  Thriving on  Our  Changing Planet  a Decadal Strategy  for  Earth Observation from  Space,  as a  compass,  NASA  Earth  Science  is developing  the  observing  systems  that  will  answer  the most  important  science and application questions  of  the  next  decade.  Sustained,  simultaneous  observations  of many  geophysical  parameters  are  needed to  understand  the complexity  of  the  global Earth system.  The quantitative determination  of  global  trends  in the  Earth’s  atmosphere, ocean,  cryosphere,  biosphere,  and land surface and interior  depends  significantly  on the availability  of  multi-instrument/multiplatform  data sets,  which extend  to  time periods of  decades.  The ability  to enhance  Earth  system  component  models  and  advance predictive capabilities  relies  on  dynamically  consistent  global  observational  data sets. 

The overall  objective of  Making  Earth  System  Data Records  for  Use  in Research Environments  (MEaSUREs)  program  element  is  to select  projects  providing  Earth science  higher  level  data products  and services  driven by  NASA’s  Earth science goals. MEaSUREs  may  include infusion  or  deployment  of  applicable science tools  that contribute to data  product  quality  improvement,  consistency,  merging  or  fusion,  or understanding.  An  Earth System  Data Record  (ESDR)  is  defined as  a unified and coherent  set  of  observations  of  a given parameter  of  the  Earth system,  which is optimized to  meet  specific  requirements  in addressing  science  questions.  These  data records  are critical  to understanding  Earth  System  processes;  are critical  to assessing variability,  long-term  trends,  and change in  the Earth System;  and  provide input  and validation means  to  modeling  efforts.  Emphasis  is  placed into linking  together  multiple satellites  into a  constellation,  developing  the  means  of  utilizing  a multitude  of  data sources  to  form  coherent  time series,  and  facilitating  the  use  of  extensive data in  the development  of  comprehensive Earth system  models. 

This  ROSES  element  provides  an  opportunity  for  the research community  to participate in the  development  and generation  of  data  products  that  complement  and augment  the NASA  produced and  distributed  Earth science  data products  available to  the  research community  and other  stakeholders.  Proposals  responsive to  this  call  MUST  utilize at least  one satellite  data  set,  preferably  a  NASA  sponsored  data set.    


  • NOIs Due: April 26, 2022
  • Proposals Due: June 2, 2022

Agency Website

Areas of Interest

ESI requests the following types of research investigations this year. Pending sufficient availability of funds, it is NASA’s intent to update these foci and compete this element on an annual basis to best address scientific and programmatic priorities:

1. Innovative Solid-Earth Science: innovative hypothesis-driven scientific research addressing the seven scientific challenges from NASA’s Challenges and Opportunities for Research in ESI (CORE) Report (2016) (, or the ESI science objectives identified in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Decadal Survey, Thriving on Our Changing Planet: A Decadal Strategy for Earth Observation from Space (2018) (;

2. Solid-Earth Observing System Studies: proposals for Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) that optimize system design or collection strategies for acquiring data to help achieve ESI community science objectives. Results should help inform the design of new capabilities or optimize existing capabilities, including assessments of science value and feasibility across a range of potential approaches, to address specific solid-Earth science questions. Proposers are encouraged to contact the program point of contact to assess whether their concept is responsive to this topic. Proposals that include instrument or technology development will be considered nonresponsive and returned without review.

Funding Type





Engineering and Physical Sciences
Environmental & Life Sciences

External Deadline

June 2, 2022